Osteoporosis is a disease, which makes the bones feeble and easy, to fracture. People suffering from osteoporosis problem find often fracture in the bones of hip, spine and wrist. Osteoporosis is a hidden disease, which gradually makes the bones dull and inactive. It slowly reduces the density of the bones, and makes it weak. It is found both in men and women, and could occur in any age group, but mostly it is found in old age people. In some of the recent research; it has been examined that osteoporosis can attack both middle age and younger age people. People suffering from osteoporosis find hard to hold anything or, to perform anything.
Occurrences of osteoporosis
The family history and a lack of a healthy diet, indicate the occurrences, of osteoporosis. Further, it may occur to the athletic players; since they play a very hard game, which may lead to osteoporosis problem; if they get hurt, in the bones. When the presence of vitamin D, calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc reduces, it makes the bones weaker and easily cracking. Calcium and vitamin D is a very significant component that keeps the bones healthy, and strong. To maintain a strong bone, people need to follow a healthy diet since after, the age of 30 the bones normally stop taking, the growth. Around 99% of calcium gets absorbed in the bones, and 1% regulates in the nerve system, muscles and in blood clotting. Women are seen more affected by osteoporosis than men. It is found that around 80% of women get affected, by osteoporosis. The bone mass, found in men is more than in women; hence, they found less causes, of osteoporosis comparatively. However, ladies face various critical steps in their life as like, operation during childbirth, and calcium reduction during childbirth, menstrual disorder, and many other issues are faced by the women; hence, they are more likely, to cause osteoporosis problem. Some more causes of the osteoporosis are listed below.
- Chances of osteoporosis are more in thin people
- Excessive use of medication may damage the bones and make it weaker.
- A shortage of the hormone estrogen and improper, menstrual cycle may cause osteoporosis.
- Lack of activity or exercise
- Lack of healthy diet.
- Long time bed rest could make your bones feeble.
- Smoking cigarettes
- Drinking alcohol
- Some metabolic ailments may lead, to secondary osteoporosis.
Symptoms of osteoporosis
- Neck pain
- Low back pain
- Inactive of bones
- Fracture of hips, vertebrate, etc.
- Sitting posture
- Occupations of person
- Family history
- Loss of height and muscles
- Indication of thin body
Prevention of osteoporosis
People can follow various options, to get prevented from the osteoporosis problem.
- Regular exercise
Maintain a regular exercise, which stretches your bones and muscles. Performing exercise daily improves the flow of blood, and increases the volume, in bone mass. Jogging, walking, playing tennis and dancing may protect your bones, from getting damaged. Exercise is a perfect opinion, to get prevented from osteoporosis diseases since exercise makes the body flexible, and strong.
- Eat high calcium food
Consume a food, which is rich in calcium since calcium is a main mineral that maintain the strength of the bones, and makes it healthier. A recent, research report had admitted that a person at the age of 5-20, should consume 1000 mg calcium daily, and a person, above the age of 20 should intake 1300 mg daily. Further, consuming calcium contains food; would be better than consuming the supplements of calcium; since it’s over intake may increase the chances, of kidney stone. Do consult the doctor before, consuming the supplements, of calcium.
- Take vitamin D
As like calcium, vitamin D also plays a significant role, to develop a healthy and strong bone. Vitamin D reduces the problem of joint pains, and body pain. Performing an exercise in the sunrays of early morning provides vitamin D, to the body. Further, cereals, milk, eggs, salmon fish, etc. are highly rich food in vitamin D. Your healthy diet and morning walk may help, to reduce the risk of osteoporosis, and arthritis. It is a natural way to get rid of this problem. Moreover, consuming any medication for calcium and vitamin D, please consult the doctors; since the doctors provide a better suggestion.
- Control on smoking and alcohol intake
An excessive intake, of alcohol and smoking increases the chances, of the osteoporosis problem. Chain smoking lowers down the formation of estrogen, which fails to prevent the bones, from getting damaged. Chain drinking reduces the density of bones, by making them weak, and inactive. Hence, to get prevented from the occurrences of osteoporosis, avoid drinking and smoking.
Treatments of osteoporosis
However, the treatments’ of osteoporosis are quite easy, but it takes time, to get cured. Some of the osteoporosis problems are found long-lasting, which becomes difficult to treat. People can intake various medications, which contain calcium, vitamin D, iron, zinc, and magnesium, to get rid of the osteoporosis problem. Performing a prescribed exercise suggested by the doctor could help, to reduce the problem of osteoporosis. Further, maintaining a healthy diet is one of the major parts, to cure the osteoporosis diseases. Teriparatide, Bisphosphonates, Estrogens, Calcitonin and Raloxifene are the list of some medicines, which are used to treat the diseases, of osteoporosis. Moreover, the habits of smoking and drinking alcohol have to be eradicated, to reduce the problem, of osteoporosis. However, some of the osteoporosis problems belong to family history, which is difficult to treat and cannot be cured. Lastly, people can go under hormone replacement therapy, estrogen replacement takes place in women and testosterone in men. Bisphosphonate is the most usable drugs, which helps to treat the disease, of osteoporosis. This drug minimizes the chances of hip fracture, wrist fracture, spine fractures, etc. it helps, to mend the bones and enhance the strength, of the bones. It gradually assists, to reduce the problem, of osteoporosis. There are many other medicines and therapy, to minimize the problem of osteoporosis.