The medical term used for white spot on skin diseases is vitiligo or leucoderma. It is a skin diseases in which the skin loses its color due to some genetic or environmental causes. These white spots appear as patches of white skin without pigments.
This skin disease is very common among people who suffer from autoimmune diseases. Insufficiency of adrenocortical is other important reason for the causes of this disease. Aderenal gland is responsible for producing a hormone called corticosteroid, this disease occurs when there is a shortage or absence of this hormone in our body. Due to this the most common treatment suggested by doctor for this disease is corticosteroid cream.
Another treatment option to cure white spots on skin is giving maximum exposure to sunlight for and long duration of time or artificial phototherapy. By the help of this treatment, the deactivated cells responsible for pigmentation become active when the skin is exposed to light.
Melanocytes are cells located in skin that are necessary for skin pigmentation. Due o he recent advancement in the medical science has made it possible to transport these cells from some other parts of the body to the affect area of the body. As a result, this transplantation of cells to the affected are on the skin can be completely cured.
You can even make use of some cosmetics to cover up the white spots. However, it is important to take up some sort of medical treatment to get a control over these disease as it may become widespread and controllable. People should also know that since this disease is inherited, it cannot be prevented. Therefore, a good and effective treatment is required in order to avoid psychological effects, frustration and embarrassment that may affect you due to the cause of this issue.
There are some other skin conditions or disorders in which the skin loses its color and become either of lighter or darker shade. Before using any of the treatments for vitiligo it is better to consult a dermatologist and confirm the symptoms.
You will find most of the time the doctor will suggest you with only topical treatment for skin disorders such as vitiligo, acne and eczema. However, sometimes oral pills may also be prescribed to you if the condition seems to be severe.
Important tips to be kept in mind are;
- Avoid taking stress and keep yourself relaxed.
- Make use of gentle soap for bathing.
- Try getting sunbath in the early hours for at least 20-30 minutes.
- Avoid making too much use of cosmetics.
- Improve your iron deficiency by increasing the intake of food such as meat, liver, beans, cereals, lentils, and green leafy vegetables.
- Avoid eating foods such as citrus tamarind, fruits, prawns, fish, lobsters, and crabs.
- Consumption of sodium or salt must be completely stopped while you are taking treatment for vitiligo or leucoderma.